'''François-Marie Arouet''' (; 21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his ''Pen name|nom de plume
'' '''Voltaire''' (;
[[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/voltaire "Voltaire"]. ''Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary''.]
), was a French people|French Age of Enlightenment|Enlightenment
writer, historian, and philosophy|philosopher
famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion
, freedom of speech
, and separation of church and state
Voltaire was a versatile writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and more than 2,000 books and pamphlets.
[[http://www.biographyonline.net/writers/voltaire.html ''Biography online'']]
He was an outspoken advocate of civil liberties, despite the risk this placed him in under the...